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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Ensure that the following items are present:

One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:

  • E-mail address
  • Full postal address

All necessary files have been uploaded:


  • Include keywords
  • All figures (include relevant captions)
  • All tables (including titles, description, footnotes)
  • Ensure all figure and table citations in the text match the files provided
  • Indicate clearly if color should be used for any figures in print

Ethical Statement - Authors are requested to submit a file named "Ethical Statement" which includes details of 1) Ethical Approval, (3) Funding Sources

Further considerations

  • Manuscript has been 'spell checked' and 'grammar checked'
  • All references mentioned in the Reference List are cited in the text, and vice versa
  • Journal policies detailed in this guide have been reviewed
  1. Submission declaration and verification

Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis or as an electronic preprint, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language.

  1. Contributors

Those who meet some but not all the criteria for authors can be identified as 'contributors' with their contribution specified. All those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., collecting data, providing language help, writing assistance or proofreading the article, etc.) that do not meet criteria for authorship should be acknowledged in the paper.

  1. Authorship

All authors should have made substantial contributions to all the following; the conception and design of the study, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data, final approval of the version to be submitted. During the submission process online, we ask you to make a true statement that all authors meet the criteria for authorship, have approved the final article and that all those entitled to authorship are listed as authors.

  1. Informed consent and patient details

Studies on patients or volunteers require ethics committee approval and informed consent, which

should be documented in the paper. Appropriate consents, permissions and releases must be obtained where an author wishes to include case details or other personal information or images of patients and any other individuals. Written consents must be retained by the author and copies of the consents or evidence that such consents have been obtained must be provided to the journal on request.

  1. Submission

Our online submission system guides you stepwise through the process of entering your article

details and uploading your files. The system converts your article files to a single PDF file used in the peer-review process. Editable files in Word form are required to typeset your article for final publication. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, is sent by e-mail.


  1. Article structure
  2. Full length articles and reviews should be approximately 5,000 words in length, excluding references, tables and figures.
  3. This journal uses double-blind review, which means that both the reviewer and author name(s) are not allowed to be revealed to one another for a manuscript under review. The

identities of the authors are concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa. To facilitate anonymity, the author's names and any reference to their addresses should only appear on the online process.

  • Blinded manuscript (no author details): The main body of the paper (including the references, figures and tables) should not include any identifying information, such as the authors' names or affiliations.
  1. preparation


Headings in the article should be appropriate to the nature of the paper. Research papers should

follow the standard structure of: Introduction (including review of the literature), Methods, Findings and Discussion.

  1. Abstract

A summary should be in the 'Structured Summary Format' giving objective, design, setting,

participants, interventions (if appropriate), measurements and findings, key conclusions and

implications for practice

  1. Keywords

Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords. The purpose of these is to increase

the likely accessibility of your paper to potential readers searching the literature. Therefore, ensure

keywords are descriptive of t

  1. Introduction

State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature

survey or a summary of the results.

  1. Methods

Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be

indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.

  1. Results

Results should be clear and concise.

  1. Discussion

This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results

and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published


  1. Abbreviations

Please note that abbreviations can be used but the synonymous must be included. No abbreviations should be used in abstracts.

  1. Acknowledgements

For original submissions acknowledgements should be included in the main manuscript and listed in a separate section at the end of the article before the references. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).


Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables can be placed either next to the

relevant text in the article, or on separate page(s) at the end. Number tables consecutively in

accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body.


Vancouver reference style preferred to be follow in this journal. Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice

versa). No reference should be cited in the abstract. Unpublished results and personal communications are not permitted. The accuracy of the references is the responsibility of the author.

Reference list:

Should be organized as:

  1. Single author: the author's name (without initials) and the year of publication;
  2. Two authors: both authors' names and the year of publication.
  3. Three or more authors: first author's name followed by 'et al.'

Privacy Statement

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